It was called pounamu by the Maori people. Authentic New Zealand Pounamu tells stories of pride and understanding, strength, empathy and leadership. The colours in this stone can range from light transparent inanga, mid to rich kahurangi greens to intense dark kawakawa. Known for it light to mid green colour with swirls of darker colours and inclusions. In modern day lapidary use it is popular for its gem like qualities. Has striking yellow and orange tones that blend throughout the greens. There are many different tribal traditions about the origins of pounamu. –Kōkopu. Comes in many colour variations from light to dark browns, creamy whites, light blues, olive greens to yellow even golden. It is named after the leaf of the karaka tree because of the orange colour that the thick oxidized crust takes on from the earth’s minerals. They are highly valued in New Zealand, and carvings made from pounamu play an important role in Māori culture. Arahura river, they found a stone born of the stars, and held it close to heal the people and the land. Whiles it’s not a high-grade stone and is softer compared to other varieties of pounamu it is much sought after due to its uniqueness. There is quite a variety of pounamu types. Creating Pounamu Art. –Inanga. This is the rock name to remember when you find a hard, nondescript rock that looks like it … Raukaraka. Māori and local artisans have been drawn to its power over the centuries and it is widely used in making jewellery and sculptures nowadays. Kawakawa pounamu is one of the darkest and richest shades of green, and gets its name from reflecting the colours of the kawakawa tree. The word ‘Pounamu’ is the term used by Māori for nephrite jade. Pearly white, greyish green, and blue can be translucent or very opaque. Is another common variety named after the area to which it is found. –Kahurangi. Meanings & Designs Toki (Adze). It is considered a taonga (treasure). No two Flower can be made in to anything the artist is capable of creating its distinctive patches of gold colouring are unique to New Zealand pounamu. –Flower Jade. It gets its name from the kawakawa leaf or Pepper tree. Its colours can be olive, browny, yellowish to bluish green depending on the area. Pounamu is found in the West Coast and upper regions of the South Island of New Zealand and we are lucky to have such a wide variety of colour in such a small area of land. There are two types of Jade found on earth, jadeite and nephrite. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). Pounamu. Pounamu is also a term used to describe some other stone types that are highly prized by Māori and stone carvers - TANGIWAI and SERPENTINITE. Buying Pounamu. View demo The care behind each carving Renowned for its beauty and strength, the rare pounamu stone is highly valued by both Māori and greater New Zealand. –Tangiwai. There are many different types of pounamu found throughout New Zealand. A rarer form of Kawakawa named after the Karaka tree with its yellow orange fruit. There are many different types of Pounamu found in New Zealand, each with their own colour characteristics. kawakawa is darker in colour with rich spots or lines—and named after the native pepper tree whose leaves’ markings it resembles. This is a type of pounamu that is highly translucent and flawless. This is a rare and unique type of stone usually found in the inanga, tangiwai and dark kawakawa varieties. Its colours are a rich vibrant apple green. They called it Pounamu. Prized for its clarity and depth of crisp apple green colour. Meanings. This stone is usually similar to the mid green kawakawa variety but differs in that the spotting or streaks are red like blood. We have a retail store based in Ferrymead, Christchurch New Zealand. Pounamu has a special place in Maori culture and was used in all parts of … Koru (Spiral). Pounamu plays a very important role in Māori culture. There is a lot of confusion around different names to describe jade, basically greenstone, jade and pounamu are all the same thing. This stone variety is a rare form of kawakawa pounamu. The first European explorers who came to New Zealand saw the Maori wearing Jade ornaments and called it Greenstone not realising that it was a type of Jade. No two pieces are the same, no stone not treated with the utmost respect by those who source and carve it. This variety is one of the most beautiful with its deep green and blooms of yellow to orangey browns. Maori recognised four main types of Pounamu Kawakawa pounamu. Types of Pounamu. Argillite. It is predominantly found on the west coast of the South Island. He feared another taniwha named Whaitipū, the guardian of Hinehōaka, who was the goddess of sandstone. Somewhere to buy that special taonga (sacred treasure) with confidence that the stone is sourced here in New Zealand. Below is a description of the most common pounamu types found in New Zealand. It can often have small black flecks thru the stone. Kawakawa is dark-green pounamu with varying shades, and is named after the pepper tree. In early times it was the most highly prized of all pounamu. The word greenstone is also commonly used in NZ, however the people of Poutini Ngāi Tahu prefer to call it pounamu as jade comes in many different colour variations not just green. Some of the most popular designs are: Toki: The toki, a type of … Greenstone / Pounamu / Jade are often the same thing from different angles. This type of stone is a highly prized type of pounamu by Poutini Ngāi Tahu. It is a softer stone and when worn it absorbs the natural oils of the body deeply and can turn a lovely light brown. Pounamu or Greenstone are used interchangeably here in New Zealand when referring to Nephrite Jade. It is recognized as pounamu – but … Totoweka is an especially rare type of pounamu, usually streaked with white or spotted red. Named after a … Is actually a form of Bowenite not Nephrite Jade but is still embraced as a form of Pounamu. Different types of Pounamu from New Zealand. The early lapidarist would cut the thick crust off and only use the heart to fashion jewelry but carvers these days tend to carve it right to edge as the colour contrast can make a unique showpiece. New Zealand Kahurangi Jade The Maori classify Greenstone according to its shade of green. Kawakawa is the most common pounamu variety and is a very popular stone for carving because of its abundance and ability to hold most shapes. Each unique shape has a spiritual meaning. Aug 4, 2018 - There is quite a variety of pounamu types. The following is adapted from a version given by Tipene O’Regan of the Ngāi Tahu tribe. Bands of Pounamu formations, which tend to run in a North Easterly direction, consist mainly of Serpentine, Dunite and similar Olivine rock, Serpentine talc formations and actinolite. Each Pounamu type was given an identity by Maori that relate to the world around them. It comes in a variety a pale almost milky colours of green, blue to even quite yellow brown tones. The strong spiritual connection Tangata Whenua (Indigenous New Zealand Maori ) have with Pounamu is revealed in the personification of the various stone types. Formation of Pounamu. Pikorua, as the Maori name this symbol, refers to eternal emerging paths in life. Nephrite is the only type found in New Zealand. While generically known as greenstone, pounamu refers to the particular types of hard nephrite, jade, bowentine or serpertine found in southern New Zealand. There is quite a variety of pounamu types. We wanted to create a unique space that was both inviting and relaxed for our customers to enjoy. The name comes from toto (blood), weka (Native bush hen) or weka blood. It is rare to find totoweka in the Westland jade fields, but when a piece is discovered it is highly cherished and sometimes becomes the show piece of the fossicker’s collection. Papa Pounamu sets a work programme for the Public Service, in consultation with the public service Chief Executives, so we can consistently grow our diversity and inclusion capability. It comes in a variety of colours from pearl white, grey to an almost blue shade of green. It has distinct patterns that resemble the fish it is named after. Much of our pieces are carved on site. This variety of stone is not nephrite jade but is a bowenite stone, however it is recognized by Māori as part of the pounamu family. Maori term of Pounamu does in fact include other forms of green stones here such as Bowenite and … Send us an email and we'll get back to you as soon as possible. Nephrite, Bowenite (a form of Serpentine) and Serpentine are minerals formed by metamorphism. It is the most popular and valuable sought after pounamu by modern day carvers. It is predominantly found on the west coast of the South Island. All Products Click below to learn more. Pounamu has a special place in Maori culture and was used in all parts of … Tangiwai can come in shades of bluish green to quite olive tones. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). It is not usually translucent and occasionally has black flecks through the stone. Each type has their own unique look and features. The flesh of this pounamu is usually olive to light green in colour. Pounamu is found in the West Coast and upper regions of the South Island of New Zealand and we are lucky to have such a wide variety of colour in such a small area of land. Just like in the old days, jade was valued for its hardness, toughness and ability to hold a sharp edge. They often represent aspects of the natural world, or show a connection with ancestors. The Story of Pounamu The Sacred Stone of Aotearoa Long ago, when there were different stars in the heavens, the ancestors sailed the oceans seeking the stone of the Gods. Pounamu or Greenstone are used interchangeably here in New Zealand when referring to Nephrite Jade. The creation of pounamu. There are 5 main types of Pounamu: Kawakawa, Kahurangi, Inanga, Kokopu, Tangiwai. Briefly describe your newsletter and write a quick sentence about your commitment to not spamming your subscribers. Pounamu is the Maori word for NZ Jade (Nephrite) but Tangiwai (Bowenite – a translucent Serpentine) and some other Serpentine’s are also included under Pounamu. Tahutahi is one of the rarest types of pounamu with its white flecks being names after snowflakes. It shares its name with the New Zealand native Kawakawa plant, which is known for its medicinal and culinary properties. From the pearly-white colours to the darkest green that can sometimes almost appear as black, the beauty of pounamu is wide and diverse. Different types of Pounamu from New Zealand. It is found mainly in the Wainihinihi Creek and Arahura River. Pikorua (single twist) The Maori single twist symbol consists of a closed loop with three knots. When they came to the shores of Aotearoa, to the . Types of pounamu. It gets its name from the juvenile native minnow or more commonly known as whitebait. With the strong spiritual … Learn about how New Zealand Pounamu is formed and its chemical properties. Pounamu/greenstone has a diverse range of colours. Pounamu is a Māori term that refers to 3 different stone types, Nephrite, Bowenite and Serpentine, found on Te Wai Pounamu. Kakotea is a streaky dark-green pounamu with black spots. –Raukaraka. –Pīpīwharauroa. Symbol of a … Twist (Pikorua). Māori made pounamu into earrings, necklaces and rings. COMPSCI 732 §5. Mostly found in the Marsden area of the West Coast. Kōkopu is most recognizable by its distinctive brown spots which are very similar to the native fresh water mountain trout from which it gets its name. –Kawakawa. Another variety named after one of native fish. 6) Kokopu is known as 'Mountain Trout stone because it resembles the skin of a fish. Pounamu is a strong stone known for its beauty. In the beginning of NZ’s jade industry this stone was usually discarded because it was not gem grade, but in modern times varieties like inanga and kōkopu have grown in popularity because of their different characteristics. It is found in the beautiful Fiord lands of the South Island and has amazing translucency almost glassy like appearance. Greenstone Repair & Lashing Service The eight-shaped single twist symbolizes the strength of the bond between two people, their loyalty and friendship. The largest deposits are in Milford Sound, Anita and Poison Bays being the most famous. Symbolising the bond between two people, connecting the lives of friends, family or loved ones. Named after the shining cuckoo, the green and white shimmering plumage are similar to the thin bands of light that cause a chatoyant effect like a cat’s eye as the stone is moved about. Large deposits of totoweka occur in the South Westland area. Pounamu refers to several types of hard, durable and highly valued nephrite jade, bowenite, or serpentinite stone found in southern New Zealand.Pounamu is the Māori name. Geologically, the rock falls into the three categories named above, but Māori classify pounamu … Pounamu 3 Meta modelling • What’s a meta model? This is shaped like a figure sitting cross-legged, with its head on one side. Kawakawa Pounamu is the strongest and darkest form of pounamu. Home Some types of Kawa Kawa, found in the districts from Waimea to Kumara, exhibit beautiful effects of brownish to orange colourations, and are often referred to as Waimea Stone. Pounamu jewellery is typically carved into traditional Māori symbols. A rich green to intense dark green almost black with small dark inclusions. It is found only on the south island. –Totoweka. Pounamu or greenstone are terms for several types of hard and durable stone found in southern New Zealand. Pounamu is a wonderful gift from the heart, and we are sure you will find that special something here. We stock a stunning range of New Zealand Greenstone Jewellery and Pounamu Carvings. The addition of other combinations, with a mixture of minerals, accounts for why these formations are often referred to as a mineral belt. 1 Poutini was a taniwha or guardian of pounamu. The qualities of this stone are that it is translucent and sometimes almost completely transparent like glass. Listed are some of the most common examples and names we use to describe these: Is our most common variety and comes in shades of rich lush greens to deep dark green hues. There are many different types of pounamu found throughout New Zealand. Shipping. Pounamu Types Inanga.. Pearly white, greyish green, and blue can be translucent or very opaque. Maori term of Pounamu does in fact include other forms of green stones here such as Bowenite and Serpentine, but most commonly refers to Nephrite Jade. The names they gave the various types of Greenstone are … These rocks are also generically known as "greenstone" in New Zealand English.There are two systems for classifying pounamu. This type of stone is a highly prized... Kahurangi.. Kia Ora, welcome to the “Greenstone Shop”. Tangiwai is translucent green stone we have in New Zealand and is very similar to Jade though more fragile. Types of Pounamu the translucent kahurangi is among the most treasured due to its scarcity, and fittingly translates as ‘treasured sky’. The most well-known type of neck pendant is called the tiki. Kahurangi is named after the clearness of the sky. Is named after one of juvenile native fish we call Whitebait. Home / Types of Pounamu. NEW ZEALAND OWNED AND OPERATED - Free shipping to New Zealand & Australia - AFTERPAY & LAYBUY AVALIABLE ONLINE - 10% OFF XMAS PROMO. The 2020-2021 Papa Pounamu work programme has five priority areas of focus which Chief Executives have agreed to make mandatory within their agencies. Read the legend of Poutini and Waitaiki. This is a type of pounamu that is highly translucent and flawless. The name has stuck ever since. In this video, Dr. Daniel Hikuroa tells a story - how the Maori of New Zealand shared geological knowledge. The stone is quite striking with paler shades of green intermingled with streaks of yellow or orange. Translated tangi means to (cry or tears) and (wai) is water the full name kōkō-tangiwai refers to a deep sorrow that is never completely healed. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). It was used to make Toki Poutangata (Ceremonial adze) which were usually given to Rangatira (Chief). It is named after a plant with many healing properties. The following chart shows samples of the different types of pounamu. TANGIWAI is an absolutely gorgeous stone, rare and highly valued for making jewellery. While generically known as ‘greenstone’ Pounamu refers to the particular types of hard nephrite jade, bowentine or serpertine found in southern New Zealand. 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